What is Malware and How Can We Prevent From Malware?

Malware is a malicious software, that is any program or file which is hazardous to a computer user. Malware is any piece of software that was written with the intention of doing damage to data, devices or people.  This malware can perform a variety of functions such as stealing, encrypting or deleting the important data, monitors user’s activity without their permission, altering core computing functions.

There are different types of malware such as viruses, Trojan, worms, ransomware, adware, botnet. Malware attackers use a variety of methods to spread malware and infect computers. Malicious programs can enter into a system through physical devices or internet. Phishing attacks are another type of malware activity; it includes emails covered as legal messages contain malicious links or attachments which can deliver the malware executable to unsuspicious users.

When our computers work is slowing down or behaving in an abnormal way, we often think that it is a virus. But it may not be a virus; it can be some type of malware. Here, there are tips to prevent a computer from malware attacks.

How to recognize and detect malware

Many symptoms are considered common signs of malware infection, although many types of malware work without warning you of their presence. In fact, hidden programs can pose an even greater threat to malware than reported programs, as they can lead to acts such as identity theft and credit card fraud. If you notice that something is wrong, these signs can mean malware:

  • Performance issues: Is the computer running slowly or frequently crashing? Even small amounts of malware can slow down or crash your computer by reducing hard disk resources while running in the background.
  • Unexplained behavior of the computer: If events occur that you have not initiated, you may be infected. Common behavioral changes include mysterious new toolbars, unexplained changes to home page settings, and suspicious search results.
  • Popups and Junk Mail Interruptions: While many pop-ups and emails from reputable companies are safe, adware that generates malicious pop-ups can install spyware to hack your browser and capture your personal information, even with reputable commercials.

This is a most common and important tip for each computer system. RAM Antivirus keeps your computer virus free. It should be a first prevention step to keep your computer virus free. RAM Antivirus protects your computer from all malware and unwanted attacks. It blocks all unauthorized attacks which want to enter into the computer.

Free antivirus software is better than nothing, and also it is not the best solution. Upgrade the antivirus software regularly, in such a way advanced mechanisms for protecting computer will get included in your antivirus software. Always maintain your antivirus software up to date.

Whether you are using windows, Mac OS X, Linux or any other OS, keep it up to date, it is very essential. OS creators are always releasing security patches that fix and plug security threats. These patches will help to keep your system secure.

Most of our computers are connected to files, printers or the internet through the Wi-Fi connection. Make sure that it requires a password to access that internet connection and the password must be strong. Don’t broadcast your SSID means the name of Wi-Fi.  If you have often guests to the Wi-Fi, then create a guest SSID with the different password.

Keep away from the websites which provide the pirated information. Don’t open the email or attachment which is received from the unknown company or person. Do not click on a link which is in unwanted mail. If you want to download any file on the internet, email, FTP site, File sharing service etc, you must scan it before you run it. Good antivirus software will do it automatically.

This is the most difficult thing to do on the internet. Most of the hackers will steal your files through social engineering. Then, they will get the sufficient information of you, to get access to your online accounts and will try for more personal data. When they get enough, then they try to access your banking data for stealing the money or other. Lock down all of your privacy settings on the computer. Avoid using the real name on the discussion board.

When you are at some local place like railway station, coffee shop, airport, library, do not use the free or open Wi-Fi which hasn’t any password. Imagine about it. When you access the Wi-Fi without any password then what can malware do with your device?

Never use the same password for multiple accounts, especially for the bank accounts. Make strong password like use both upper and lower case letters, numbers, and symbols. Always change the password after 1 or 2 months. Use different passwords for different accounts.

The best thing is you can do back up your files. Physical storage is a better way to back up. You can use back up service or simply take external hard drives. Collect all data on that hard drives and put it into safe deposit box, keep another copy of hard drive into your relative’s house.

The computer firewall is the basic thing that all computer users need to understand. Even though the use of a firewall is not much effective for the malware, it is still very important while fighting with the infection from the user’s own network. The firewall will provide better control over the transactions of the computer both incoming and outgoing.

What is Malware and How Can We Prevent From Malware? this is the malware means malicious file. It harms your computer. Hence take the prevention steps before the malware gets contact with your computer.

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